Research was conducted in order to assess the effectiveness of incremental RMT on exertional fatigue and dyspnea. IMT was tested to improve exercise capacity, dyspnea and quality of life (QOL) in CHF patients. Let’s take a closer look at the study below.
- Respiratory muscle weakness contributes to fatigue and dyspnea in people with heart failure (HF).
- Incremental respiratory muscle training (RMT) aims to increase endurance by increasing training intensity.
- 10 weeks of incremental RMT improved respiratory muscle strength, exercise capacity, peak oxygen uptake, dyspnea, quality of life and reduced the heart rate in people with HF.
Incremental RMT effectively improves respiratory function, exercise capacity, oxygen uptake and heart rate in people with HF.
Patients underwent 10 weeks of RMT using inspiratory muscle training against a fixed resistance. During each session, inspiratory efforts were separated by rest periods, which became shorter at each level. Patients trained to fatigue. Pulmonary function, exercise capacity, dyspnea and QOL were assessed before and after the study period and compared to a low intensity control group.
Inspiratory muscle pressure (PImax), sustained maximal inspiratory pressure (SMIP), peak oxygen uptake, heart rate, dyspnea, exercise capacity (6MWT) and QOL improved significantly due to incremental RMT.
In conclusion, the training principle of incremental loading, i.e. decreasing the rest periods between muscle contractions, can be successfully applied to RMT. Doing so significantly improves respiratory function, exercise capacity, dyspnea and QOL in CHF patients.